数据与计算发展前沿 ›› 2020, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (1): 1-17.doi: 10.11871/jfdc.issn.2096-742X.2020.01.001

• 主编思考 •    下一篇

构建支撑科技创新的新一代计算基础设施

钱德沛1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学,北京 100191
    2. 中山大学,广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-20 出版日期:2020-02-20 发布日期:2020-03-28
  • 通讯作者: 钱德沛 E-mail:depeiq@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:钱德沛,北京航空航天大学计算机学院,教授,主要研究方向为高性能计算机体系结构与实现技术、网格计算、主动网络、计算机网络管理与性能测量等。
    Qian Depei, Professor of School of Computer, Beihang University. The main research directions are high-performance computer architecture and implementation technology, grid computing, active network, computer network management and performance measurement.

Building the New Generation of Computing Infrastructure Supporting Technology Innovation

Qian Depei1,2,*()   

  1. 1. Beihang University,Beijing 100191,China
    2. Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou,Guangdong 510275,China
  • Received:2019-01-20 Online:2020-02-20 Published:2020-03-28
  • Contact: Qian Depei E-mail:depeiq@buaa.edu.cn

摘要:

[背景]理论分析、实验观察与计算模拟是科学研究的三大手段。高性能计算作为一个国家综合国力的主要标志之一,具有重要的战略意义。[方法]本文从我国高性能计算机的研制、高性能计算机环境的建设以及计算应用的发展等方面,重点回顾了我国高性能计算在过去20年的发展历程和取得的主要成就,进而对当前“十三五”期间我国对高性能计算重点研发项目的部署和进展进行介绍。[结论]并基于对当前高性能计算发展形势的分析,对加强新一代计算基础设施的建设以及应用的构建提出设想并展开讨论。

关键词: 高性能计算, 计算基础设施, 计算应用, 软件基础平台

Abstract:

[Context] Theoretical analysis, experimental observation and computational simulation are the three major methods of scientific research. High performance computing, as one of the main symbols of a country's comprehensive national strength, has important strategic significance.[Methods] This article focuses on the development of high-performance computing, the construction of high performance computer environments, and the development of computing applications in China, which reviews the development history and main achievements of high-performance computing in the past 20 years . Furthermore, the deployment and progress of China's key R&D projects in high-performance computing during the current "13th Five-Year Plan" period are introduced.[Conclusions] Based on the analysis of the current high-performance computing development situation, the author proposes and discusses that strengthening the construction of new-generation computing infrastructure and applications.

Key words: high performance computing, computing infrastructure, computing applications, software foundation platforms