数据与计算发展前沿 ›› 2020, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (1): 18-26.doi: 10.11871/jfdc.issn.2096-742X.2020.01.002

• 专刊:高性能与高通量计算及应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

2019年中国高性能计算机发展现状分析与展望

张云泉1,袁良1,*(),袁国兴2,李希代1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院计算技术研究所,计算机体系结构国家重点实验室,北京 100190
    2. 北京应用物理与计算数学研究所,北京 100088
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-30 出版日期:2020-02-20 发布日期:2020-03-28
  • 通讯作者: 袁良 E-mail:yuanliang@ict.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张云泉,中国科学院计算技术研究所计算机体系结构国家重点实验室,博士,研究员,博士生导师,国家超级计算济南中心主任,主要研究领域为并行算法与并行软件。
    本文承担工作为:论文整体架构和布局,论文撰写。
    Zhang Yunquan, a full professor and PhD Advisor of SKL of Computer Architecture, Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, China. He is also appointed as the Director of National Supercomputing Center at Jinan. He undertakes the following tasks in this paper : paper structure organizing and writting.
    E-mail: zyq@ict.ac.cn|袁良,中国科学院计算技术研究所计算机体系结构国家重点实验室,助理研究员,主要研究方向为并行计算模型,并行算法设计与程序优化。
    本文承担工作为:论文数据整理和分析。
    Yuan Liang, is an assistant Professor of SKL of Computer Architecture, Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, China.
    He undertakes the following tasks in this paper: data analysis.|袁国兴,北京应用物理与计算数学研究所,研究员,研究方向为大规模科学与工程计算的方法与软件。
    本文承担工作为:论文布局。
    Yuan Guoxing, is a research fellow at Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, China. His research interests include large scale scientific and engineering computing methods and software development.
    He undertakes the following tasks in this paper: paper structure organizing.
    E-mail: ygx@iapcm.ac.cn|李希代,中国计算机学会高性能计算专委会助理秘书长。
    本文承担工作为:数据收集与整理。
    Li Xidai, is an assistant Secretary, TCHPC, CCF.
    She undertakes the following tasks in this paper: data collecting.
    E-mail: lixidai@ict.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2016YFB0200803);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(C类)资助(XDC01040100);国家自然科学基金(61432018);国家自然科学基金(61521092);国家自然科学基金(61602443);北京自然科学基金(L182053);中科院高效空间天气预报模式科技创新交叉与合作团队

State-of-Art Analysis and Perspectives of China HPC Development in 2019

Zhang Yunquan1,Yuan Liang1,*(),Yuan Guoxing2,Li Xidai1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Computer Architecture, Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    2. Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088, China
  • Received:2019-11-30 Online:2020-02-20 Published:2020-03-28
  • Contact: Yuan Liang E-mail:yuanliang@ict.ac.cn

摘要:

【目的】本文根据2019年11月发布的中国高性能计算机TOP100排行榜的数据,对国内高性能计算机的发展现状从总体性能、制造商、行业领域等方面进行了深入分析。【结果】中国TOP100的平均Linpack性能继续保持比国际TOP500平均Linpack性能高的局面,且TOP100的入门性能门槛仍然超过TOP500。中国TOP100上的超级计算系统依然全部都是国产超算系统,曙光和联想并列为数量冠军,曙光、联想和浪潮三强争霸的局面继续保持和加强。【结论】在此基础上,本文根据十八届排行榜的性能数据,对未来中国大陆高性能计算机的发展趋势进行了分析预测。根据新的数据,我们认为:峰值Exaflops的机器将在2020年到2021年间出现;峰值10Exaflops的机器将在2022年到2023年间出现;峰值100Exaflops的机器将在2024年到2025年间出现。

关键词: 高性能计算机, TOP100, 排行榜, 性能, 分析

Abstract:

[Objective] Based on the data of China's high performance computer TOP100 rankings published in November 2019, this paper makes an in-depth analysis of the current development status of high performance computers in China from the overall performance, manufacturers, industry status and many other aspects. [Results] The average Linpack performance of TOP100 in China continues to be higher than those of the international TOP500, and the threshold for entry performance of TOP100 still exceeds that of TOP500. China's supercomputing systems on TOP100 are mostly domestic supercomputer systems designed by Sugon and Lenovo, the tied champion on the number of systems on Top100. The situation of the three strong hegemonies of Sugon, Lenovo and Inspur continues will be maintained and strengthened in the near future. On the basis of this, according to the performance data of the eighteenth ranking list, this paper analyzes and predicts the development trend of high-performance computers in China. [Conclusions] According to the new data, we believe that machines with peak Exa-flops will appear between 2020 and 2021; machines with peaks of 10 Exa-flops will appear between 2022 and 2023; machines with peaks of 100 Exa-flops will appear between 2024 and 2025.

Key words: high performance computer, TOP100, ranking, performance, analysis