数据与计算发展前沿 ›› 2020, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (6): 42-50.doi: 10.11871/jfdc.issn.2096-742X.2020.06.005

• 专题:现代服务业关键技术与应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

国家创新体系中的科技资源协同机制与服务模式研究

朱艳华1,2,胡良霖1,2,*(),高瑜蔚1,2,3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院计算机网络信息中心,北京 100190
    2. 国家基础学科公共科学数据中心,北京 100190
    3. 首都师范大学,北京 100048
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-16 出版日期:2020-12-20 发布日期:2020-12-29
  • 通讯作者: 胡良霖
  • 作者简介:朱艳华, 中国科学院计算机网络信息中心,国家基础学科公共科学数据中心,高级工程师,目前主要从事科学大数据管理与共享、标准制订和数据应用服务研究工作。本文中负责总体统稿、核心章节撰写。
    ZHU Yanhua is the senior engineer of Computer Network Information Center of CAS and National Basic Science Data Center. Her recent research interest areas follow: scientific big data management and sharing, standard specification and data application service.In this paper, she is responsible for the final compilation and writing the core chapters. E-mail: zhyh@cnic.cn|胡良霖,中国科学院计算机网络信息中心,研究员,国家基础学科公共科学数据中心主任,目前主要从事科学大数据管理、开放共享、应用服务等方面研究工作。本文中负责确定文章总体思路,提出修改意见。
    HU Lianglin is a professor of Computer Network Information Center of CAS and the Director of National Basic Science Data Center. His recent research interest areas follow: scientific big data management, open sharing and application services.In this paper, he is responsible for determining the general idea of the article and proposing suggestions for revision.E-mail:hull@cnic.cn|高瑜蔚,中国科学院计算机网络信息中心,国家基础学科公共科学数据中心,工程师,目前主要从事科学大数据管理与共享、标准制订和知识图谱的研究工作。在本文中承担需求分析,提出修改意见。
    GAO Yuwei is an engineer of Computer Network Information Center of CAS and National Basic Science Data Center. Her recent research interest areas follow: scientific big data mana-gement and sharing, standard specification and knowledge mapping.In this paper, she is responsible for requirement analysis and proposing suggestions for revision.E-mail: gaoyuwei@cnic.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划“面向业务科技云的分布式协同机制及模式研究”(2017YEB1400203);他们可以利用共同的交通、实验基地和仪器设备等基础设施,可以分享共同的信息技术资源,可以拥有共同的专业技术人才市场,可以共同吸引风险基金,可以相互利用对方的创新特长,可以互为创新成果的传播者和使用者

Research on the Coordination Mechanism and Service Mode of Science and Technology Resources in the National Innovation System

ZHU Yanhua1,2,HU Lianglin1,2,*(),GAO Yuwei1,2,3   

  1. 1. Computer Network Information Center of CAS, Beijing 100190, China
    2. National Basic Science Data Center, Beijing 100190, China
    3. Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
  • Received:2020-09-16 Online:2020-12-20 Published:2020-12-29
  • Contact: HU Lianglin

摘要:

【目的】大数据时代,新兴信息技术的飞速发展,给科技资源优化配置和高效利用带来诸多挑战,探索科技资源协同机制和服务模式,充分发挥科技资源作为重要创新要素的作用,能够进一步提升国家科技创新的竞争力。【方法】针对科技资源创新整合面临的诸多问题,充分考虑科技资源协同核心主体,深入分析各主体之间的协同运作机制,以及基于云服务平台的资源协同服务模式。【结果】提出政策激励、合作共赢以及自我驱动等资源协同运作机制,总结了分布式科技资源云服务平台在线和离线服务模式以及基础服务和特色服务等具体服务形式。【结论】科技资源是国家创新体系中创新要素的重要组成部分,其协同运作机制与服务模式研究,有利用于推动科技资源在全社会范围内的高效配置和共享利用,为全面提升我国科技竞争能力提供有力支持。

关键词: 创新体系, 科技资源, 协同机制, 服务模式

Abstract:

[Objective] In the era of big data, the rapid development of emerging information technologies brings many challenges to the optimal allocation and efficient utilization of scientific and technological resources. As an important element of innovation, the exploration of the collaborative mechanism and service mode of scientific and technological resources can further enhance the competitiveness of national innovations in science and tecnologies. [Methods] In view of the many problems faced by innovation and integration of science and technology resources, this paper gives full consideration to the core subjects of collaboration of science and technology resources, and deeply analyzes the collaborative operation mechanism among all subjects and the collaborative service mode of distributed science and technology resources based on cloud service platform. [Results] In this paper, policy incentives, win-win cooperation and self-driven collaborative operation mechanisms of science and technology resources are proposed. The online and offline service modes as well as the specific service forms such as basic services and featured services of the cloud service platform of science and technology resources are summarized. [Conclusions] Science and technology resources are important innovation elements in the national innovation system. The research on the collaborative operation mechanism and service mode is conducive to promoting the efficient allocation and shared utilization of science and technology resources in the whole society, and provides strong support for comprehensively improving the competitiveness of science and technology in China.

Key words: innovation system, science and technology resources, coordination mechanism, service mode