Frontiers of Data and Computing ›› 2020, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (1): 18-26.

doi: 10.11871/jfdc.issn.2096-742X.2020.01.002

Special Issue: “高性能与高通量计算及应用”专刊

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State-of-Art Analysis and Perspectives of China HPC Development in 2019

Zhang Yunquan1,Yuan Liang1,*(),Yuan Guoxing2,Li Xidai1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Computer Architecture, Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    2. Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088, China
  • Received:2019-11-30 Online:2020-02-20 Published:2020-03-28
  • Contact: Yuan Liang


[Objective] Based on the data of China's high performance computer TOP100 rankings published in November 2019, this paper makes an in-depth analysis of the current development status of high performance computers in China from the overall performance, manufacturers, industry status and many other aspects. [Results] The average Linpack performance of TOP100 in China continues to be higher than those of the international TOP500, and the threshold for entry performance of TOP100 still exceeds that of TOP500. China's supercomputing systems on TOP100 are mostly domestic supercomputer systems designed by Sugon and Lenovo, the tied champion on the number of systems on Top100. The situation of the three strong hegemonies of Sugon, Lenovo and Inspur continues will be maintained and strengthened in the near future. On the basis of this, according to the performance data of the eighteenth ranking list, this paper analyzes and predicts the development trend of high-performance computers in China. [Conclusions] According to the new data, we believe that machines with peak Exa-flops will appear between 2020 and 2021; machines with peaks of 10 Exa-flops will appear between 2022 and 2023; machines with peaks of 100 Exa-flops will appear between 2024 and 2025.

Key words: high performance computer, TOP100, ranking, performance, analysis