Frontiers of Data and Computing ›› 2021, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (6): 98-107.

doi: 10.11871/jfdc.10-1649.2021.06.007

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State-of-the-Art Analysis and Perspectives of China HPC Development in 2021

ZHANG Yunquan1(),YUAN Liang1,*(),YUAN Guoxing2(),LI Xidai1()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Computer Architecture, Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    2. Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics, Beijing 100088, China
  • Received:2021-12-07 Online:2021-12-20 Published:2022-01-26
  • Contact: YUAN Liang;;;;


[Objective] Based on the data of China's high performance computer TOP100 rankings published in November 2021, this paper makes an in-depth analysis of the current development status of high performance computers in China from the overall performance, manufacturers, industry status, and many other aspects. [Results] The average Linpack performance of TOP100 in China continues to be higher than those of the international TOP 500, and the threshold for entry performance of TOP100 still exceeds that of TOP 500. New companies appear on the list. There are five new systems installed at Beijing Super Cloud Computing Center. The situation of the three strong hegemonies of Lenovo, Sugon, and Inspur is evolving into the competition between Lenovo and Inspur. [Conclusions] On the basis of the analysis, according to the performance data of the twentieth ranking list, this paper discusses the current status of the computing capability economy, analyzes and predicts the development trend of high-performance computers in China.

Key words: high performance computer, TOP100, ranking, performance, analysis